What to sow in November? Full list of plants to kickstart your winter garden

Carol Klein plants Allium bulbs in her garden

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As we enter the last chapter of autumn it’s time to prepare for the months ahead. Sowing seeds to overwinter should be a top priority when it comes to gardening in November – and there’s plenty to choose from. From spring bulbs to sweet peas, there’s a lot to get going in your garden this month.

What seeds can I start in November?

As the weather worsens, it can seem like a bleak time to be getting out in the garden.

Resist the urge to put off autumnal gardening and get out there to begin securing your new year harvest and spring blooms.

For many crops, sowing in autumn will reward you with an early harvest next year.

With November marking the last month of the season, it’s your last chance to sow winter greens, salads and spring florals for 2022.

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Vegetables to sow in November

It’s not too late to prepare a vegetable patch before the winter arrives, so get sowing to secure a flurry of home-grown greens to add organic flavour to your new-year recipes.

Gardeners’ World recommends sowing the following leafy greens and vegetables from Monday:

  • Broad beans
  • Mizuna
  • Spinach
  • ‘Performer’ spring onions
  • Meteor peas
  • Kelvedon wonder peas
  • Apache chillies
  • Medusa chillies

How to sow November vegetables

Broad beans can be sown directly into the ground but pots are best for a harsh winter.

Salad leaves can be sown indoors to protect them from frost or root damage during the winter.

Place salad seeds in pots on a bright windowsill for winter pickings, says Gardeners’ World.

Sow spring onions in pots and protect in a greenhouse or with cloches ready to harvest through winter and into spring.

Early peas are known to attract mice, birds and slugs – even Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall has been targeted by these garden pests, so you should always grow them in covered containers.

The fiery chilli pepper should be grown indoors as the days get shorter to keep them warm – leave in a sunny spot or on a bright windowsill.

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Flower seeds to sow in November

There is an abundance of native plants to grow in your garden this winter and plenty of them can be sown now.

With vibrant perennials and stunning annuals ready to sow, why not try:

  • Sea thrift
  • Eryngiums
  • Bugle
  • Corydalis solida
  • Sweet peas
  • Alliums sphaerocephalon
  • Anise hyssop
  • Field scabious
  • Meadow saxifraga
  • Clary sage
  • Hedge woundwort
  • Bladder campion
  • Sweet cicely
  • Great burnet

Speaking exclusively to Express.co.uk, Karl Harrison, founder of Karl Harrison Designs said: “Sowing sweet peas in an unheated greenhouse or cold frame in November, will give you a gorgeous early spring display next year.

“Use a good quality compost and sow several sweet pea seeds in a pot – they can be picked and put into a vase to enjoy in the house.”

If you’re looking for some florals that are ready to plant out in your garden this November, Karl recommends Viburnum Burkwoodii or Bodnantense – a winter flowering shrub that boasts clusters of rose, pink or blush white petals.

Karl added: “Viburnum Burkwoodii or Bodnantense will inject some life into your garden and retain their colour all winter long and they smell beautiful… all of them.”

What to plant in November

November is a great time – but also your last chance to start planting spring-flowering bulbs such as tulips and daffodils.

Moisture in the soil throughout the Autumn months is what makes planting easier, however, it is important to plant both daffodils and tulips in well-drained soil.

Karl added: “If you are adventurous and want a spectacular showing in the spring then look to the abundance of different Allium bulbs, whites, purples and blues.

“They vary hugely in height from the tiny but beautifully scented Neapolitanum to the giant called ‘His Excellency’.”

You can harvest the contents of your Christmas dinner this month – with everything from carrots and leeks, to Brussels sprouts ready to be picked if planted back in the Spring.

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