‘Vital’ things to ‘consider’ when planting flowers to avoid ‘havoc’

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April is a great time to get the garden ready for the summer by planting various flowers and plants. Gardeners should be mindful when planting different shrubs as some don’t work well when they are grown next to each other, according to an expert.

Fiona Jenkins, gardening expert at MyJobQuote.co.uk, explained: “The first thing to consider when planting a variety of vegetation, is that the shrubbery you’re putting next to each other have the same lighting requirements. 

“You should also factor in the size each plant will grow to when planning your garden layout. 

“Greenery such as tomato plants grow very tall, so locating them next to something a lot smaller can cause issues. 

“Taller, larger plants have a tendency of blocking the light from smaller plants in their vicinity, stunting growth for the shorter ones. 

“Ensure you space out larger and smaller plants, giving them enough room to absorb the light they need to flourish. Shorter plants can often be placed on the edge of the border, in front of those that tower over them.”

Gardeners should also “be careful” when putting plants that love water next to those that don’t so much.

According to the pro, this can cause “major issues” when it comes to watering as the plants that don’t like water, can be drowned, resulting in wilting and death.

Fiona added: “Some plants will also require specific nutritional needs compared to others, so it’s important to keep species together based on what best nourishes them.

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“Lastly, it’s vital to note that some plants have allopathic behaviours. In less scientific terms, this means that they can obstruct the growth of competing plants with the use of chemicals. 

“This can be great to get rid of weeds, however when these plants wreak havoc on the systems of genuine shrubbery this can cause problems. 

“Sunflowers, tomatoes, broccoli and asparagus all have allopathic tendencies, as well as many more. 

“Some examples of plants you should keep separate are dill and carrots, onions or garlic and beans or peas, and potatoes and tomatoes.”

Gardeners should be aware of what they are planting in the garden, and the different requirements each crop or plant has.

Chris Bonnett, founder of GardeningExpress.co.uk, added that plants with different needs will make it hard for them to “coexist” in the soil.

The expert added: “You should also keep in mind that you shouldn’t put together plants that are extremely competitive.

“Be careful about the use of heights so that plants requiring full sun don’t get put into dense shade created by taller plants.

“There are some well-known plants that just don’t combine well together for a host of reasons.”

Clare Cahill, CEO and owner of A Little Bird Company, told Express.co.uk that sunflowers should be kept away from other plants. The expert said: “Sunflowers are easy to grow and produce seeds that birds will love.

“But these cheerful-looking plants send out a toxin from their roots, leaves, stem, flowers and seeds that can make it difficult for other plants to survive nearby.

“Always plant sunflowers around 12 inches away from other plants and cut down and dry the seed head to hang out for the birds.” Beans and potatoes should also be avoided planting near one another.

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